Acts 10:1-43 The Gospel Breaks Prejudice
- Fearing God
- Purpose of the law
- Presentation without prejudice
Verse 1. At Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion of what was known as the Italian Cohort,
Elder Bernard’s introduced us to Cornelius, a commander and leader. Soldiering is a timeless profession. I’m convinced that while time moves on and environments change people, human beings, image bearers of God don’t. We’ve the same desire to sin, the same inclinations the same resistance to God’s will as all those that have gone before. The desires of the flesh, lust, greed, selfishness, covetousness dog our path and the pursuit of righteousness, the fruit of the spirit, apart from Jesus Christ, remain elusive.
You are leading people, whatever your profession or role in life, who are living in a fallen world corrupted by sin and struggling with the trials of life.
I want you to empathise with Cornelius.
He comes from a pagan culture. Rome was polytheistic, in other words they worshipped many God, – You have come in from a culture this morning that worships many gods. Many in our city are not only functionally pagan in their worship of the creation and rejection of the creator but also self professing pagans; Shamans, wiccans, Buddhists, and druids.
Cornelius would have worked with people with a range of beliefs. He was, essentially in the eyes of the world, a good man – You work with people who champion equality and diversity, work hard for charity and are in the eyes of the world ‘good people’.
He cared for his family, was generous to his neighbours, honest and honourable – Don’t you seek to be those things?
How would our church look if we had a congregation of Cornelius’s?
Wouldn’t attendance be high? I’m sure we would have more ministry activities, there’d never be a need for an appeal to pay the accountant and our giving would systematic, uniform throughout the month and generous.
After all, with Cornelius’s around growing churches through great programmes and religious systems is easy. We’ve people in our church who know the methods. Uncle Phil will tell you what music needs playing, Brother Ogi how the atmosphere can be pumped up, Elder Bernard how the Scriptures are twisted to tickle ears and tell people what they expect to hear.
In view of the desire to grow churches, how do you suppose Peter and the disciples may have been counselled, by today’s church leadership, to engage with Cornelius?
Firstly the disciples would have been advised to take care not to offend him. It would be advisable not to be pushy with their beliefs, after all we wouldn’t want to seem judgemental and make anyone feel uncomfortable. Secondly it might be best to take a friendship evangelism approach and recognise him as a good man, with a good heart. The disciples would be advised that they should be an open and accepting church, welcoming all people with a personal faith. Cornelius could be given a registration form for the voting role, a direct debit mandate for support to the missions ministry, and a suggestion that as an officer in the Roman Army he would be great at organising some super events for the men’s ministry.
Given our understanding of this portion of Scripture, in light of our studies of the first 9 chapters Acts, does not that parody seem absurd? It bears no resemblance to the biblical narrative so it is, quite simply, absurd.
God does not charm people into His kingdom he, by his sovereign choice, adopts them into his kingdom.
So let’s look to Scripture to see how God’s sovereign hand of providence unfolded and how we might engage with Cornelius’s we meet in our lives.
Verse 2 tells us that he was,
…….a devout man who feared God
We heard last week that this was not a redeemed fear of God. Not a fear of God that comes from a reconciled believer. So what is this fear that we see in Cornelius?
The fear in Cornelius is a reasoned fear. It is recognition of the power and majesty of God seen through his creation and revealed through his laws which are written on the consciences of all men.
In Cornelius’ case this fear has led him to devotion to following the tenets of second temple Judaism.
It is this compliance with Jewish religious practices of the day, attendance in the synagogue, being generous to the poor, and having a social status as a military leader that won him the admiration, we see in 10:22, of the whole Jewish nation.
Jo and I last weekend stayed with a wonderful couple in their beautiful Norfolk cottage. You’ll unlikely meet a more charming and generous couple in all Christendom. Janet is a journalist, academic and jam maker of repute. Loved by her neighbours. Ross is an accomplished senior manager in the field of broadcasting, an entrepreneur and good steward of all he has been gifted.
Ross is Scottish and his mother is from the Munro Clan. He shared with me the Munro clan’s motto which is, ‘dread God’. Now Ross’s difficulty is how miserable it must be for the Scottish clansmen to wake up in his wee bothey, on the only sunny day of year and face a new day with the words, ‘dread God’ emblazoned on their family crest. I tried to explain to Ross that the Creator of all things, the God of the Bible, is worthy of our dread.
My concern for Ross and Janet, is that like Cornelius, in the eyes of the nation they are admired. Ross is accomplished, he is respected but his problem is, that he has no ‘dread for God’. In the words of Romans 3:18,
“there is no fear of God before their eyes”.
There is nothing in Ross and Janet’s life to suggest that they are on some kind of quest, or search for God. In the same way there is nothing in this text to suggest that Cornelius was on some kind of quest. He was a pious man, a respected man, doing what was reasonable and rational.
So what are we to do with those friends or colleagues, who like Cornelius, are decent folk? First off we can be comforted by the words of our Saviour who said, recorded in John 6:44, “they cannot come to me, unless the Father who sent me draws them and I will raise them up on the last day.”
It is my prayer that the Munro motto, ‘dread God’, will pull on Ross and Janet’s hearts, dwell in their minds and plague their consciences that they might, by the sovereign grace of God, believe the Gospel, Acts 13:48.
And when the Gentiles heard this, they began rejoicing and glorifying the word of the Lord, and as many as were appointed to eternal life believed
God employs the means by which he draws people to himself …
so let us now look at verse 3 as the story unfolds:
About the ninth hour of the day he saw clearly in a vision an angel of God come in and say to him, “Cornelius.” And he stared at him in terror and said, “What is it, Lord?”
Let us note from the text this common thread through Scripture. Encounters with heavenly beings, at least from those who are sent from heavenly places, leave a man terrified. Adam in his rebellious state runs and tries to hide, Moses is hidden in a rock lest he perish in the presence of the Most High, Isaiah, fearfully says, woe is me, I am a man of unclean lips, Isaiah, 6:5, Jonah runs the from God, Saul is struck blind and the Apostle John bows to the ground in worship. Revelation 19:10. And here we see, Cornelius stares in terror.
May this be a word of caution for us before we believe all the ‘testimonies’ people want to bring before the church. Let us remember that not every spirit is from God, 1 John 1.
We hear what I refer to as ‘Christian ghetto language’, a word from the Lord, visions and prompting and yet I detect no awe, no terror, no dread as seen in Scripture. Whereas, encounters with the heavenly realm has an impact, it changes a person in profound ways.
Here the Word of the Lord,
“Many false prophets have gone out into the world…every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the anti Christ that you heard was coming and now is in the world already.” 1 John 2-3.
There is a battle raging, you are in the midst of that fight and you must be on your guard.
Back to the text, verse 4 continues:
And he said to him, “Your prayers and your alms have ascended as a memorial before God. And now send men to Joppa and bring one Simon who is called Peter. He is lodging with one Simon, a tanner, whose house is by the sea.” When the angel who spoke to him had departed, he called two of his servants and a devout soldier from among those who attended him, and having related everything to them, he sent them to Joppa.
The Purpose of the Law
We now come to verse 9 to 34 which is Peter’s vision, his response and introduction to Cornelius. Elder Bernard covered this in detail last week. So let me just reinforce the main lesson:
The purpose of the dietary laws, alongside all the 613 laws, were that they separated the Jews from the gentiles, Leviticus 20 :26,
26 Thus you are to be holy to Me, for I the Lord am holy; and I have set you apart from the peoples to be Mine.
God is holy, which means he is utterly different. Bible dictionaries will speak about the otherness or separateness of holiness. By calling Abraham out of his pagan land and setting him in a land of his own God set apart a people for himself. Following the covenant he established with Adam and Noah he established his covenant with Abraham, Genesis 12:2 and 17:7, and later with his people at Mount Sanai, the Mosaic or Saniatic Covenant. It was a simple promise, obey me that you may be blessed.
Exodus 20:20, Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid. God has come to test you, so that the fear of God will be with you to keep you from sinning.”
As we know from human history, the Israelite’s’ journeyed through the wilderness; the time of the prophets followed, then the judges, and kings; Israel proved repeatedly she was a woefully disobedient and adulterous nation. Israel’s continued corruption of God’s law is recorded by the prophet Isaiah in 30:9, “for they are a rebellious people, lying children, children unwilling to hear the instruction of the Lord”.
And in this and the remainder of human history we see the ultimate purpose of the law which is to show mankind, who fall woefully short of God’s perfect standard, their desperate need for a saviour. And this was revealed to Peter when he was told, ‘what God has made clean do not call common’. We see the same in Paul’s letter to Timothy, 1 Timothy 4:3, where he chastises those who forbid marriage and require abstinence from foods that God created….
Now here’s the challenge that will come from the unbeliever, for they reckon they have found a contradiction in the Bible. We are told that animals once forbidden for consumption are now clean – look at Leviticus 20:25 which says,
“‘You must therefore make a distinction between clean and unclean animals and between unclean and clean birds. Do not defile yourselves by any animal or bird or anything that moves along the ground–those that I have set apart as unclean for you”.
Do you see a difficulty? Peter is told, reinforced by Paul in his letter to Timothy that these beasts are clean. Bacon, shell fish, and ostrich is now eaten whereas in Leviticus they are seemingly detestable?
Do you have an answer for the sceptic?
Let me share some of the less persuasive responses that I’ve heard.
These laws are for Jews, they are not meant for gentiles.
That was Old Covenant we’re now New Covenant.
Back then these laws were necessary, there were no fridges for the shellfish but these days, well, we’re more developed.
The challenge you have is that we serve a God who never changes. The term is immutable. GOD is the same yesterday, today and forever. You cannot in one season have detestable animals that by some strange metamorphosis become clean. What happened before the laws received at Mount Sinai? Were pigs clean and healthy, yet overnight became foul and then some time later, through a vision to Peter, became clean again? It doesn’t add up.
We can start to answer our challenge from Galatian3:24, 24 Therefore the law was our tutor (or guardian ESV) to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.”
Furthermore, we also know from Christ Jesus that “ Not what goes into the mouth defiles a man; but what comes out of the mouth, this defiles a man.” Matthew 15:11
Here’s the point: When the Jew disobeyed the dietary law and partook of that which was forbidden it was his wicked heart that was leading him to disobedience. The text says, Leviticus 20:25, “do not defile yourselves” It is not the animal that is quintessentially unclean but the disobedience to God that is causing person to defile himself.
Peter can now see the purpose of those dietary laws having been fulfilled in directing God’s people to the person and work of the Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ. He will have recalled Jesus saying, “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfil them.”
No more requirements for a dietary law to direct people to the Jewish Meshiak Hamashia, he has been and he has dwelt among his people and his people did not receive him.
Jesus continues in the Matthew,” For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished”.
What did Jesus Christ say at the Cross before giving his life up, “It is finished”.
All was accomplished. The dietary laws, the ceremonial laws all those ordnances and edicts that foreshadowed and directed God’s people to their Messiah fulfilled by Jesus Christ’s atoning death on the Cross.
This vision of Peter’s is profound, it has global significance, it is the pivotal point where it was demonstrated that the Gospel is for all people, all tribes and all tongues. That through the spirit of adoption, through God’s extensive election and generous Grace, Christ’s Kingdom will and is extending to the all the corners of the Globe, without prejudice, through the preaching of his Gospel.
Thirdly – Presentation without prejudice
Let us look at the chapter from 34 – 43:
So Peter opened his mouth and said: “Truly I understand that God shows no partiality, but in every nation anyone who fears him and does what is right is acceptable to him.
First take note that Peter is speaking. Our Gospel is first and foremost a spoken message. There is a multitude of religious systems, philosophies and ideologies in the world full of good works, but good works without first the good message is not the biblical mandate. Peter’s initial sentence throws the net wide. However, for the Christian we know that in fact there are no righteous and acceptable people among the nations apart by the sovereign choice and electing work of the Holy Spirit.
We continue verse 36
As for the word that he sent to Israel, preaching good news of peace through Jesus Christ (he is Lord of all),
Here we see Peter identifying Jesus in his Deity, as Messiah, the Christ, the Anointed one. The Lord of all, that is the Lord over all Creation. The very LORD who we see in Genesis 19:24 who rained on Sodom and Gomorrah sulphur and fire from the LORD out of heaven. The Lord who the Psalmist says, said to my Lord, ‘sit at my right hand until I make all your enemies a footstool’, Psalm 110:1. That Christ Jesus is fully God we know because he emphatically and repeatedly said he was God. Most clearly when he says recorded by John; Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.” John 8:58
We continue, Verse 37
….you yourselves know what happened throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee after the baptism that John proclaimed: how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him. And we are witnesses of all that he did both in the country of the Jews and in Jerusalem.
Now Peter is showing his hearers the fully human ‘Jesus of Nazareth’, empowered by the Holy Spirit, sent or anointed by the Father. How do we know Jesus was fully human? Because the Bible tells us, ‘And Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature and in favour with God and man.’, so he took on knowledge. We also see that he experienced hunger, thirst, he was weary, and in the garden, as his final and greatest tribulation approached, sorrowful and troubled.
Let us to pause to ensure we each have a biblical understanding of what we are seeing in Peter’s presentation. Here we see the two natures of Jesus Christ. His nature as fully God and his nature as fully man. It is not that he is part man and man God. It is not that he somehow was God but then somehow stopped being God to be Jesus of Nazareth. It is in this area of understanding that cults are formed as the clear teaching of Scripture is twisted.
However, a plain reading of the text is all we need. Jesus is the Christ, the anointed one, through whom all the things were created, that’s Colossians 1:16, and that in him the fullness of deity dwells that’s Colossians chapter 2:9. And that Jesus of Nazareth is fully man, tempted as we are:
“For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.” Hebrews 4:15
The term that we use for this is the hypostatic union. The union of two natures, fully God and fully man in the person of Jesus Christ.
Continuing with the last three verses 39 – 43:
They put him to death by hanging him on a tree, 40 but God raised him on the third day and made him to appear, 41 not to all the people but to us who had been chosen by God as witnesses, who ate and drank with him after he rose from the dead. 42 And he commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that he is the one appointed by God to be judge of the living and the dead. 43 To him all the prophets’ bear witness that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name.”
There’s much in these three verses:
1. We see that he died at the hands of lawless men.
2. That God raised him from death. Let us be minded that God is Trinitarian. That Jesus said, destroy this temple, speaking of the temple of his body, and in three days I will raise it up, John 2:19.
3. That Jesus’ conquered death and the grave with a physical body that was able to eat and drink, meaning that he could enjoy flavour, texture and aroma. Furthermore, he ascended with a physical body.
4. We also see acknowledgement of our Matthew 28 commission that preaching the Gospel is not a choice but a command.
5. And we see that Jesus Christ is the one appointed judge. No matter our belief system, our personal faith or particular religious conviction be that Hindu, Muslim or Atheist, all who perish without forgiveness from the Father that can only be found through the Son, will cower, naked, ashamed and in deepest dread before the throne of the Judge who is Jesus Christ the Lord.
6. The one who all the prophets spoke of, reminding us of Christ’s conversation with the disciples on the road to Emmaus when he said to them, “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken” Luke 24:25.
Do you believe in all that the prophets have spoken?
“We can hold a correct view of truth only by daring to believe everything God has said about Himself. It is a grave responsibility that a man takes upon himself when he seeks to edit out of God’s self-revelation such features as he in his ignorance deems objectionable.”
A. W. Tozer, The Knowledge of the Holy
Let us pray.
Here Dr Bahnsen speaks on the myth of neutrality or the neutrality fallacy.
Question: “Is there such a thing as absolute truth / universal truth?”
Answer: In order to understand absolute or universal truth, we must begin by defining truth. Truth, according to the dictionary, is “conformity to fact or actuality; a statement proven to be or accepted as true.” Some people would say that there is no true reality, only perceptions and opinions. Others would argue that there must be some absolute reality or truth.
One view says that there are no absolutes that define reality. Those who hold this view believe everything is relative to something else, and thus there can be no actual reality. Because of that, there are ultimately no moral absolutes, no authority for deciding if an action is positive or negative, right or wrong. This view leads to “situational ethics,” the belief that what is right or wrong is relative to the situation. There is no right or wrong; therefore, whatever feels or seems right at the time and in that situation is right. Of course, situational ethics leads to a subjective, “whatever feels good” mentality and lifestyle, which has a devastating effect on society and individuals. This is postmodernism, creating a society that regards all values, beliefs, lifestyles, and truth claims as equally valid.
The other view holds that there are indeed absolute realities and standards that define what is true and what is not. Therefore, actions can be determined to be either right or wrong by how they measure up to those absolute standards. If there are no absolutes, no reality, chaos ensues. Take the law of gravity, for instance. If it were not an absolute, we could not be certain we could stand or sit in one place until we decided to move. Or if two plus two did not always equal four, the effects on civilization would be disastrous. Laws of science and physics would be irrelevant, and commerce would be impossible. What a mess that would be! Thankfully, two plus two does equal four. There is absolute truth, and it can be found and understood.
To make the statement that there is no absolute truth is illogical. Yet, today, many people are embracing a cultural relativism that denies any type of absolute truth. A good question to ask people who say, “There is no absolute truth” is this: “Are you absolutely sure of that?” If they say “yes,” they have made an absolute statement—which itself implies the existence of absolutes. They are saying that the very fact there is no absolute truth is the one and only absolute truth.
Beside the problem of self-contradiction, there are several other logical problems one must overcome to believe that there are no absolute or universal truths. One is that all humans have limited knowledge and finite minds and, therefore, cannot logically make absolute negative statements. A person cannot logically say, “There is no God” (even though many do so), because, in order to make such a statement, he would need to have absolute knowledge of the entire universe from beginning to end. Since that is impossible, the most anyone can logically say is “With the limited knowledge I have, I do not believe there is a God.”
Another problem with the denial of absolute truth/universal truth is that it fails to live up to what we know to be true in our own consciences, our own experiences, and what we see in the real world. If there is no such thing as absolute truth, then there is nothing ultimately right or wrong about anything. What might be “right” for you does not mean it is “right” for me. While on the surface this type of relativism seems to be appealing, what it means is that everybody sets his own rules to live by and does what he thinks is right. Inevitably, one person’s sense of right will soon clash with another’s. What happens if it is “right” for me to ignore traffic lights, even when they are red? I put many lives at risk. Or I might think it is right to steal from you, and you might think it is not right. Clearly, our standards of right and wrong are in conflict. If there is no absolute truth, no standard of right and wrong that we are all accountable to, then we can never be sure of anything. People would be free to do whatever they want—murder, rape, steal, lie, cheat, etc., and no one could say those things would be wrong. There could be no government, no laws, and no justice, because one could not even say that the majority of the people have the right to make and enforce standards upon the minority. A world without absolutes would be the most horrible world imaginable.
From a spiritual standpoint, this type of relativism results in religious confusion, with no one true religion and no way of having a right relationship with God. All religions would therefore be false because they all make absolute claims regarding the afterlife. It is not uncommon today for people to believe that two diametrically opposed religions could both be equally “true,” even though both religions claim to have the only way to heaven or teach two totally opposite “truths.” People who do not believe in absolute truth ignore these claims and embrace a more tolerant universalism that teaches all religions are equal and all roads lead to heaven. People who embrace this worldview vehemently oppose evangelical Christians who believe the Bible when it says that Jesus is “the way, and the truth, and the life” and that He is the ultimate manifestation of truth and the only way one can get to heaven (John 14:6).
Tolerance has become the one cardinal virtue of the postmodern society, the one absolute, and, therefore, intolerance is the only evil. Any dogmatic belief—especially a belief in absolute truth—is viewed as intolerance, the ultimate sin. Those who deny absolute truth will often say that it is all right to believe what you want, as long as you do not try to impose your beliefs on others. But this view itself is a belief about what is right and wrong, and those who hold this view most definitely do try to impose it on others. They set up a standard of behavior which they insist others follow, thereby violating the very thing they claim to uphold—another self-contradicting position. Those who hold such a belief simply do not want to be accountable for their actions. If there is absolute truth, then there are absolute standards of right and wrong, and we are accountable to those standards. This accountability is what people are really rejecting when they reject absolute truth.
The denial of absolute truth/universal truth and the cultural relativism that comes with it are the logical result of a society that has embraced the theory of evolution as the explanation for life. If naturalistic evolution is true, then life has no meaning, we have no purpose, and there cannot be any absolute right or wrong. Man is then free to live as he pleases and is accountable to no one for his actions. Yet no matter how much sinful men deny the existence of God and absolute truth, they still will someday stand before Him in judgment. The Bible declares that “…what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them. For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse. For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened. Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools” (Romans 1:19-22).
Is there any evidence for the existence of absolute truth? Yes. First, there is the human conscience, that certain “something” within us that tells us the world should be a certain way, that some things are right and some are wrong. Our conscience convinces us there is something wrong with suffering, starvation, rape, pain, and evil, and it makes us aware that love, generosity, compassion, and peace are positive things for which we should strive. This is universally true in all cultures in all times. The Bible describes the role of the human conscience in Romans 2:14-16: “Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law, since they show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now even defending them. This will take place on the day when God will judge men’s secrets through Jesus Christ, as my gospel declares.”
The second evidence for the existence of absolute truth is science. Science is simply the pursuit of knowledge, the study of what we know and the quest to know more. Therefore, all scientific study must by necessity be founded upon the belief that there are objective realities existing in the world and these realities can be discovered and proven. Without absolutes, what would there be to study? How could one know that the findings of science are real? In fact, the very laws of science are founded on the existence of absolute truth.
The third evidence for the existence of absolute truth/universal truth is religion. All the religions of the world attempt to give meaning and definition to life. They are born out of mankind’s desire for something more than simple existence. Through religion, humans seek God, hope for the future, forgiveness of sins, peace in the midst of struggle, and answers to our deepest questions. Religion is really evidence that mankind is more than just a highly evolved animal. It is evidence of a higher purpose and of the existence of a personal and purposeful Creator who implanted in man the desire to know Him. And if there is indeed a Creator, then He becomes the standard for absolute truth, and it is His authority that establishes that truth.
Fortunately, there is such a Creator, and He has revealed His truth to us through His Word, the Bible. Knowing absolute truth/universal truth is only possible through a personal relationship with the One who claims to be the Truth—Jesus Christ. Jesus claimed to be the only way, the only truth, the only life and the only path to God (John 14:6). The fact that absolute truth does exist points us to the truth that there is a sovereign God who created the heavens and the earth and who has revealed Himself to us in order that we might know Him personally through His Son Jesus Christ. That is the absolute truth.
Recommended Resource: True Truth: Defending Absolute Truth in a Relativistic World by Art Lindsley
A while back I was asked by a group of pastor’s wives to go with them to strip clubs.
That sentence alone sounds strange. But hang with me.
At first I was a little hesitant. And not for reasons you might think.
I love people. Especially ones who are broken; it’s part of my calling. But, given what I’ve walked through, I know how fragile broken people can be.
And I know how insensitive the church can be.
And I was uneasy.
But, these weren’t just any pastors wives.
They had a vision.
One that longed to love on women that society had thrown aside.
It reminded me a lot of Jesus.
So, I jumped on it.
Their plan was to visit these clubs once a month to deliver a meal and gift baskets. I joined them the first night and I’ll be honest, I had NO IDEA what to expect.
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Forgive me for calling you by your first name but since we both profess to be Christian brothers I think it is appropriate. We have other things in common – we were both born in 1962 and we are both pastors in the Christian church. But there I guess the similarities end. You have a church of some 30,000 members, I have one with 125. You have two Rolls Royce’s and a private jet; I have a leased car and pushbike! To you that might sound like jealousy, to me it just indicates the different worlds we live in and the different theologies we have. You of course are a world famous tele-evangelist, with your own ministry and TV show; I am an unknown Scottish Presbyterian minister. So why am I writing you? Why should you listen to me?
Because you are coming to my country in a…
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A key scripture on ecclesiology is Acts 2:42. “And they continued steadfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers.” What is ecclesiology and is the Acts 2 model a viable model/blueprint for Spirit of Life Church in 21st century? In the bible we see 6 roles for a church:
Protect and provide for the congregation/assembly. Discipline and accountability. Encourage, equip, and train for mission. Teaching. Hospitality. Leading ordered lives following God’s ordinances: gathering, the Lord’s table, baptism.
Worship is deliberately omitted from the list as the Shemah of Deuteronomy 6:4, alongside 1 Corinthians, gives the foundational principle that all we do is worship:
- “In eating and drinking, and in all we do, we should aim at the glory of God, at pleasing and honouring him. In other words all we do is an act of worship.” 1 Corinthians 12:31
Here o Israel the Lord you God the Lord is one, you are to love the Lord your God with all you r heart, all your mind and all your strength. Deuteronomy 6:4
In teaching doctrine The authors of the New Testament needed a clear understanding of what church is. When referring to the gathering of those under the Old and New Testaments the authors of Scripture use the term ecclesia, translated into English as calling out, i.e. (concretely) a popular meeting, especially religious congregation. A gathering of citizens called out from their homes into some public place. (136 OT, 114 NT) Ecclesia is a motif throughout scripture. Noah was called out from the sinful world before it was destroyed, Abraham left pagan Haran, and was promised a people more numerous than the stars. Under patriarchs, prophets, judges, and kings, the Jews were set apart as a nation under the true and living God (Jonah 1:9). This begs the question, why would translators from the original common greek and hebrew, adopt the term church in the new testament writings? After all, William Tyndale disputed the use of the term and was an advocate of the term congregation. The following information is from ACMTC Library and BenWilliamsLibrary.com: Let’s start by defining the word. “Church” comes from the Old English and German word pronounced “kirche.” In Scotland, it was “kirk.” The following entries are from the Oxford Universal English Dictionary: Church [Old English cirice, circe; Middle English chereche, chiriche, chirche; whence churche, cherche, etc.: -Greek Kuriakon…] Kirk The Northern English and Scottish form of church, in all its senses. In the earlier Greek It was pronounced “ku-ri-a-kos” or “ku-ri-a-kon.” As you can see, this word doesn’t even resemble the Greek word “ecclesia” whose place it has usurped. The meaning of “Ku-ri-a-kos” is understood by its root: “Ku- ri-os,” which means “lord.” Thus, “kuriakos” (i.e., “church”) means “pertaining to the lord.” It refers to something that pertains to, or belongs to, a lord. The Greek “kuriakos” eventually came to be used in Old English form as “cirice” (Kee-ree-ke), then “churche” (kerke), and eventually “church” in its traditional pronunciation. A church, then, is correctly something that “pertains to, or belongs to, a lord.” Therefore for the purpose of this essay I am submitting church is a vernacular term for what the Apostles would have understood as the congregation or assembly of believers. Remembering that the first converts had to wrestle with the question, ‘were gentiles even allowed to become Christians?’, Acts 10:28 and therefore be allowed into the congregation. Believers within the Spirit of Life Church are those who are descendants of Abraham beneficiaries of God’s Covenant Genesis 15:5, grafted into the line of David and members of a Royal Priesthood Romans 11:17. Our antecedents are the Israelites, we are within the kingdom (reign) of Christ, Matthew 12:28, and our primary mission remains; “to see all nations come to a knowledge of truth”
“Now it shall come to pass in the latter days That the mountain of the LORD’s house Shall be established on the top of the mountains, And shall be exalted above the hills; And all nations shall flow to it.” Isaiah 2:2
Ask of Me, and I will give You The nations for Your inheritance, And the ends of the earth for Your possession. Psalm 2:8
This is a covenantal understanding of the role and position of the Christian, a position held throughout church history; most recently by the puritans and contemporary reformed believers. It is juxtaposed with the 19th century teachings of John Nelson Derby of the Plymouth Brethren, and the Texan Pastor Schofield, who wrote a popularized systematic theology. Their teaching is known as dispensational in which Christian history is divided into dispensations. God deals with different people under different dispensations. Our current dispensation is called the, ‘church age’. Israel is being dealt with under a different dispensation. It is a futurist view of eschatology. A dispensational conviction has a pessimistic view of history: The world is on a trajectory toward increasing oppression, persecution, and conflict. The popular phrase is, “the world is going to hell in a hand-basket.” (pessimillenialism) These fundamentally different eschatological positions have a significant impact on ecclesiology. If, as Matthew 24:14 teaches, the gospel has already been preached to all nations (oikoumene), that the old covenant system with its temple sacrifices came under judgement and was destroyed in AD70 and the kingdom or rule of Christ is growing, then Christ’s church is the means by which this is being achieved. Alternative, if persecution of the church is set to increase, and ultimately lose its battle for nations, our church’s roles and functions as salt and light to the culture is limited. However, I hold to the understanding that mustard seeds will grow to large trees, and that Psalm 110:1 teaches that Christ’s enemies are one by one being made His footstool. As a church under the Kingship of Christ we are marching forward to the beat of His drum, looking to serve Him as He takes the nations for Himself and he puts His enemies under his footstool. There are 100,000 Christians in China, a growing population in India, and biblical Christianity is standing in opposition to Catholicism, and synchronism in Africa and South America. Therefore when continuing in the Apostles doctrine we look to model our lives and community on that which we see across Scripture. Onward Christian Soldiers is a song of victory within history. Scripture’s Model for Church Accountability Acts 9:31 – The church is peaceful multiplied, built up, walking in fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit. Acts 9 context: Paul being brought into the church and preaching boldly, he is protected from the Hellenists by the church. So what? Paul is assessed before being allowed into the body. Therefore, assess those who join the congregation. Support and protect those who are preaching. Walk in the fear of the Lord that He might use the church for His purposes. For example: Romans 16:1,2. “…Phoebe,,,that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also.” Teaching Romans 16:23 – “Gaius, who is host to me and to the whole church”. Gaius is a Macedonian who accompanied Paul on his travels. Unknown Christian to whom John’s third epistle is written. So what? Be known to the church. Gaius lives out the Apostles’ teaching, therefore live out teachings of the Apostles. Ordinances Hebrews 10:19-39 – The passage gives the context and purpose of gathering. Giving acknowledgement and gratitude in worship for the sacrifice recorded in 10:1-18. Mission Matthew10:32,33 – So everyone who acknowledges me before men, I also will acknowledge before my Father who is in heaven, but pwhoever denies me before men, qI also will deny before my Father who is in heaven. Therefore,confess Christ, speaking boldly, with compassion, urgency and wisdom. Discipline Matthew 18:17 – If he refuses to listen to them tell it to the church. Function of the church – discipline, accountability. 2 Corinthians is a stern letter. Paul speaks of his concern for people’s salvation. 2 Corinthians 13:3 Disciplined threatened as a means to show that Christ is working through Paul. Therefore, a continued theme is for the need of church discipline to be exercised, for false converts to be identified ch13:5, and members to conduct themselves as ambassadors Ch 5. Protect and Provide Letter to the Corinthians corrects a church that has been compromised by the culture. Therefore don’t allow the culture to compromise the church. 1 Corinthians 4 – Timothy sent to remind of the way of Christ, as Paul teaches them everywhere in the church. Therefore in the church we reminded of the ways of Christ. Therefore invite a Timothy that we may be transparent and open to correction. Summary (Ephesians 1:22, 3:10, 3:21, 5:23, 5:24, 25, 27, 29, 32) The Ecclesia is the bride of Christ, His perfect and spotless bride, Ephesians 5:27. In this capacity Spirit of life has the authority, following the sovereign will of her groom, to invite whom she will to the wedding celebration. Our daily celebration is seen as we live repentant lives for Christ. We live and work separated by time and space but are united as the bride with one Lord and when we gather it is culmination, continuation and preparation for ongoing worship. The Bride may tell the guests the required garments, and the consequences for failing to dress appropriately. She stipulates the way of entering and warns of the penalty of finding other routes. She dictates behaviour, and exercises corrective measures for disobedience. The bride is the groom’s pride and joy, she is all He wants, and it is her joy to conform to His will because His love for her is immeasurable. She sets her affections for Him above any concerns of conformity, tradition and convention and fears the cost of contravening His ordinances. The fear of her Lord keeps her from harm and steers her to joy, trust and contentment despite toil, tempest and temptation.