How could such errors (mutations) create 3 billion letters of DNA information to change a microbe into a microbiologist or, for that matter, an elephant? `There is information for how to make proteins and also for controlling their use – much like a cookbook contains the ingredients as well as the instructions for how and when to use them. One without the other is useless. Mutations are known for their destructive effects, including over 1000 human diseases such as haemophilia. Rarely are they even helpful. But how can scrambling existing DNA information create a new biological pathway or nano-machines with many components, to make ‘goo-to-you’ evolution possible? I am desperate to find out the line of reasoning that my evolutionist friends follow to get where they do.